source: trunk/libtransmission/utils.h @ 10963

Last change on this file since 10963 was 10963, checked in by charles, 12 years ago

(2.0x trunk) #3397 "checksum errors when downloading files whose names are encoded in iso-8859-1" -- fixed

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File size: 20.3 KB
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1/*
2 * This file Copyright (C) 2009-2010 Mnemosyne LLC
3 *
4 * This file is licensed by the GPL version 2.  Works owned by the
5 * Transmission project are granted a special exemption to clause 2(b)
6 * so that the bulk of its code can remain under the MIT license.
7 * This exemption does not extend to derived works not owned by
8 * the Transmission project.
9 *
10 * $Id: utils.h 10963 2010-07-07 16:48:23Z charles $
11 */
12
13#ifndef TR_UTILS_H
14#define TR_UTILS_H 1
15
16#include <inttypes.h>
17#include <stddef.h> /* size_t */
18#include <stdio.h> /* FILE* */
19#include <string.h> /* memcpy()* */
20#include <stdlib.h> /* malloc() */
21#include <time.h> /* time_t */
22
23#ifdef __cplusplus
24extern "C" {
25#endif
26
27/***
28****
29***/
30
31/**
32 * @addtogroup utils Utilities
33 * @{
34 */
35
36#ifndef FALSE
37 #define FALSE 0
38#endif
39
40#ifndef TRUE
41 #define TRUE 1
42#endif
43
44#ifndef UNUSED
45 #ifdef __GNUC__
46  #define UNUSED __attribute__ ( ( unused ) )
47 #else
48  #define UNUSED
49 #endif
50#endif
51
52#ifndef TR_GNUC_PRINTF
53 #ifdef __GNUC__
54  #define TR_GNUC_PRINTF( fmt, args ) __attribute__ ( ( format ( printf, fmt, args ) ) )
55 #else
56  #define TR_GNUC_PRINTF( fmt, args )
57 #endif
58#endif
59
60#ifndef TR_GNUC_NONNULL
61 #ifdef __GNUC__
62  #define TR_GNUC_NONNULL( ... ) __attribute__((nonnull (__VA_ARGS__)))
63 #else
64  #define TR_GNUC_NONNULL( ... )
65 #endif
66#endif
67
68#ifndef TR_GNUC_NULL_TERMINATED
69 #if __GNUC__ > 4 || ( __GNUC__ == 4 && __GNUC_MINOR__ >= 3 )
70  #define TR_GNUC_NULL_TERMINATED __attribute__ ( ( __sentinel__ ) )
71  #define TR_GNUC_HOT __attribute ( ( hot ) )
72 #else
73  #define TR_GNUC_NULL_TERMINATED
74  #define TR_GNUC_HOT
75 #endif
76#endif
77
78#if __GNUC__ > 2 || ( __GNUC__ == 2 && __GNUC_MINOR__ >= 96 )
79 #define TR_GNUC_PURE __attribute__ ( ( __pure__ ) )
80 #define TR_GNUC_MALLOC __attribute__ ( ( __malloc__ ) )
81#else
82 #define TR_GNUC_PURE
83 #define TR_GNUC_MALLOC
84#endif
85
86
87/***
88****
89***/
90
91const char * tr_strip_positional_args( const char * fmt );
92
93#if !defined( _ )
94 #if defined( HAVE_LIBINTL_H ) && !defined( SYS_DARWIN )
95  #include <libintl.h>
96  #define _( a ) gettext ( a )
97 #else
98  #define _( a ) ( a )
99 #endif
100#endif
101
102/* #define DISABLE_GETTEXT */
103#ifndef DISABLE_GETTEXT
104 #if defined(WIN32) || defined(TR_EMBEDDED)
105   #define DISABLE_GETTEXT
106 #endif
107#endif
108#ifdef DISABLE_GETTEXT
109 #undef _
110 #define _( a ) tr_strip_positional_args( a )
111#endif
112
113/****
114*****
115****/
116
117void tr_msgInit( void );
118
119#define TR_MAX_MSG_LOG 10000
120
121extern tr_msg_level messageLevel;
122
123static inline tr_bool tr_msgLoggingIsActive( tr_msg_level level )
124{
125    return messageLevel >= level;
126}
127
128void tr_msg( const char * file, int line,
129             tr_msg_level level,
130             const char * torrent,
131             const char * fmt, ... ) TR_GNUC_PRINTF( 5, 6 );
132
133#define tr_nerr( n, ... ) \
134    do { \
135        if( tr_msgLoggingIsActive( TR_MSG_ERR ) ) \
136            tr_msg( __FILE__, __LINE__, TR_MSG_ERR, n, __VA_ARGS__ ); \
137    } while( 0 )
138
139#define tr_ninf( n, ... ) \
140    do { \
141        if( tr_msgLoggingIsActive( TR_MSG_INF) ) \
142            tr_msg( __FILE__, __LINE__, TR_MSG_INF, n, __VA_ARGS__ ); \
143    } while( 0 )
144
145#define tr_ndbg( n, ... ) \
146    do { \
147        if( tr_msgLoggingIsActive( TR_MSG_DBG) ) \
148            tr_msg( __FILE__, __LINE__, TR_MSG_DBG, n, __VA_ARGS__ ); \
149    } while( 0 )
150
151#define tr_torerr( tor, ... ) \
152    do { \
153        if( tr_msgLoggingIsActive( TR_MSG_ERR ) ) \
154            tr_msg( __FILE__, __LINE__, TR_MSG_ERR, tor->info.name, __VA_ARGS__ ); \
155    } while( 0 )
156
157#define tr_torinf( tor, ... ) \
158    do { \
159        if( tr_msgLoggingIsActive( TR_MSG_INF ) ) \
160            tr_msg( __FILE__, __LINE__, TR_MSG_INF, tor->info.name, __VA_ARGS__ ); \
161    } while( 0 )
162
163#define tr_tordbg( tor, ... ) \
164    do { \
165        if( tr_msgLoggingIsActive( TR_MSG_DBG ) ) \
166            tr_msg( __FILE__, __LINE__, TR_MSG_DBG, tor->info.name, __VA_ARGS__ ); \
167    } while( 0 )
168
169#define tr_err( ... ) \
170    do { \
171        if( tr_msgLoggingIsActive( TR_MSG_ERR ) ) \
172            tr_msg( __FILE__, __LINE__, TR_MSG_ERR, NULL, __VA_ARGS__ ); \
173    } while( 0 )
174
175#define tr_inf( ... ) \
176    do { \
177        if( tr_msgLoggingIsActive( TR_MSG_INF ) ) \
178            tr_msg( __FILE__, __LINE__, TR_MSG_INF, NULL, __VA_ARGS__ ); \
179    } while( 0 )
180
181#define tr_dbg( ... ) \
182    do { \
183        if( tr_msgLoggingIsActive( TR_MSG_DBG ) ) \
184            tr_msg( __FILE__, __LINE__, TR_MSG_DBG, NULL, __VA_ARGS__ ); \
185    } while( 0 )
186
187
188
189FILE*          tr_getLog( void );
190
191/** @brief return true if deep logging has been enabled by the user; false otherwise */
192tr_bool tr_deepLoggingIsActive( void );
193
194void           tr_deepLog( const char * file,
195                           int          line,
196                           const char * name,
197                           const char * fmt,
198                           ... ) TR_GNUC_PRINTF( 4, 5 ) TR_GNUC_NONNULL(1,4);
199
200/** @brief set the buffer with the current time formatted for deep logging. */
201char* tr_getLogTimeStr( char * buf, int buflen ) TR_GNUC_NONNULL(1);
202
203
204/**
205 * @brief Rich Salz's classic implementation of shell-style pattern matching for ?, \, [], and * characters.
206 * @return 1 if the pattern matches, 0 if it doesn't, or -1 if an error occured
207 */
208int tr_wildmat( const char * text, const char * pattern ) TR_GNUC_NONNULL(1,2);
209
210/** @brief Portability wrapper for basename() that uses the system implementation if available */
211char* tr_basename( const char * path ) TR_GNUC_MALLOC;
212
213/** @brief Portability wrapper for dirname() that uses the system implementation if available */
214char* tr_dirname( const char * path ) TR_GNUC_MALLOC;
215
216/**
217 * @brief Portability wrapper for mkdir()
218 *
219 * A portability wrapper around mkdir().
220 * On WIN32, the `permissions' argument is unused.
221 *
222 * @return zero on success, or -1 if an error occurred
223 * (in which case errno is set appropriately).
224 */
225int tr_mkdir( const char * path, int permissions ) TR_GNUC_NONNULL(1);
226
227/**
228 * Like mkdir, but makes parent directories as needed.
229 *
230 * @return zero on success, or -1 if an error occurred
231 * (in which case errno is set appropriately).
232 */
233int tr_mkdirp( const char * path, int permissions ) TR_GNUC_NONNULL(1);
234
235
236/**
237 * @brief Loads a file and returns its contents.
238 * On failure, NULL is returned and errno is set.
239 */
240uint8_t* tr_loadFile( const char * filename, size_t * size ) TR_GNUC_MALLOC
241                                                             TR_GNUC_NONNULL(1);
242
243
244/** @brief build a filename from a series of elements using the
245           platform's correct directory separator. */
246char* tr_buildPath( const char * first_element, ... ) TR_GNUC_NULL_TERMINATED
247                                                      TR_GNUC_MALLOC;
248
249struct event;
250
251/**
252 * @brief Convenience wrapper around timer_add() to have a timer wake up in a number of seconds and microseconds
253 * @param timer
254 * @param seconds
255 * @param microseconds
256 */
257void tr_timerAdd( struct event * timer, int seconds, int microseconds ) TR_GNUC_NONNULL(1);
258
259/**
260 * @brief Convenience wrapper around timer_add() to have a timer wake up in a number of milliseconds
261 * @param timer
262 * @param milliseconds
263 */
264void tr_timerAddMsec( struct event * timer, int milliseconds ) TR_GNUC_NONNULL(1);
265
266
267/** @brief return the current date in milliseconds */
268uint64_t tr_date( void );
269
270/** @brief sleep the specified number of milliseconds */
271void tr_wait_msec( long int delay_milliseconds );
272
273/**
274 * @brief make a copy of 'str' whose non-utf8 content has been corrected or stripped
275 * @return a newly-allocated string that must be freed with tr_free()
276 * @param str the string to make a clean copy of
277 * @param len the length of the string to copy.  If -1, the entire string is used.
278 */
279char* tr_utf8clean( const char * str, int len ) TR_GNUC_MALLOC;
280
281
282/***
283****
284***/
285
286/* Sometimes the system defines MAX/MIN, sometimes not.
287   In the latter case, define those here since we will use them */
288#ifndef MAX
289 #define MAX( a, b ) ( ( a ) > ( b ) ? ( a ) : ( b ) )
290#endif
291#ifndef MIN
292 #define MIN( a, b ) ( ( a ) > ( b ) ? ( b ) : ( a ) )
293#endif
294
295/***
296****
297***/
298
299/** @brief Portability wrapper around malloc() in which `0' is a safe argument */
300static inline void* tr_malloc( size_t size )
301{
302    return size ? malloc( size ) : NULL;
303}
304
305/** @brief Portability wrapper around calloc() in which `0' is a safe argument */
306static inline void* tr_malloc0( size_t size )
307{
308    return size ? calloc( 1, size ) : NULL;
309}
310
311/** @brief Portability wrapper around free() in which `NULL' is a safe argument */
312static inline void tr_free( void * p )
313{
314    if( p != NULL )
315        free( p );
316}
317
318/**
319 * @brief make a newly-allocated copy of a chunk of memory
320 * @param src the memory to copy
321 * @param byteCount the number of bytes to copy
322 * @return a newly-allocated copy of `src' that can be freed with tr_free()
323 */
324static inline void* tr_memdup( const void * src, size_t byteCount )
325{
326    return memcpy( tr_malloc( byteCount ), src, byteCount );
327}
328
329#define tr_new( struct_type, n_structs )           \
330    ( (struct_type *) tr_malloc ( ( (size_t) sizeof ( struct_type ) ) * ( ( size_t) ( n_structs ) ) ) )
331
332#define tr_new0( struct_type, n_structs )          \
333    ( (struct_type *) tr_malloc0 ( ( (size_t) sizeof ( struct_type ) ) * ( ( size_t) ( n_structs ) ) ) )
334
335#define tr_renew( struct_type, mem, n_structs )    \
336    ( (struct_type *) realloc ( ( mem ), ( (size_t) sizeof ( struct_type ) ) * ( ( size_t) ( n_structs ) ) ) )
337
338void* tr_valloc( size_t bufLen );
339
340/**
341 * @brief make a newly-allocated copy of a substring
342 * @param in is a void* so that callers can pass in both signed & unsigned without a cast
343 * @param len length of the substring to copy.  if a length less than zero is passed in, strlen( len ) is used
344 * @return a newly-allocated copy of `in' that can be freed with tr_free()
345 */
346char* tr_strndup( const void * in, int len ) TR_GNUC_MALLOC;
347
348/**
349 * @brief make a newly-allocated copy of a string
350 * @param in is a void* so that callers can pass in both signed & unsigned without a cast
351 * @return a newly-allocated copy of `in' that can be freed with tr_free()
352 */
353static inline char* tr_strdup( const void * in )
354{
355    return tr_strndup( in, in ? (int)strlen((const char *)in) : 0 );
356}
357
358/** @brief similar to bsearch() but returns the index of the lower bound */
359int tr_lowerBound( const void * key,
360                   const void * base,
361                   size_t       nmemb,
362                   size_t       size,
363                   int       (* compar)(const void* key, const void* arrayMember),
364                   tr_bool    * exact_match ) TR_GNUC_HOT TR_GNUC_NONNULL(1,5,6);
365
366
367/**
368 * @brief sprintf() a string into a newly-allocated buffer large enough to hold it
369 * @return a newly-allocated string that can be freed with tr_free()
370 */
371char* tr_strdup_printf( const char * fmt, ... ) TR_GNUC_PRINTF( 1, 2 )
372                                                TR_GNUC_MALLOC;
373
374/**
375 * @brief Translate a block of bytes into base64
376 * @return a newly-allocated string that can be freed with tr_free()
377 */
378char* tr_base64_encode( const void * input,
379                        int          inlen,
380                        int        * outlen ) TR_GNUC_MALLOC;
381
382/**
383 * @brief Translate a block of bytes from base64 into raw form
384 * @return a newly-allocated string that can be freed with tr_free()
385 */
386char* tr_base64_decode( const void * input,
387                        int          inlen,
388                        int        * outlen ) TR_GNUC_MALLOC;
389
390/** @brief Portability wrapper for strlcpy() that uses the system implementation if available */
391size_t tr_strlcpy( char * dst, const void * src, size_t siz );
392
393/** @brief Portability wrapper for snprintf() that uses the system implementation if available */
394int tr_snprintf( char * buf, size_t buflen,
395                 const char * fmt, ... ) TR_GNUC_PRINTF( 3, 4 ) TR_GNUC_NONNULL(1,3);
396
397/** @brief Convenience wrapper around strerorr() guaranteed to not return NULL
398    @param errno */
399const char* tr_strerror( int );
400
401/** @brief strips leading and trailing whitspace from a string
402    @return the stripped string */
403char* tr_strstrip( char * str );
404
405/** @brief Returns true if the string ends with the specified case-insensitive suffix */
406tr_bool tr_str_has_suffix( const char *str, const char *suffix );
407
408
409/** @brief Portability wrapper for memmem() that uses the system implementation if available */
410const char* tr_memmem( const char * haystack, size_t haystack_len,
411                       const char * needle, size_t needle_len );
412
413/***
414****
415***/
416
417typedef void ( tr_set_func )( void * element, void * userData );
418
419/**
420 * @brief find the differences and commonalities in two sorted sets
421 * @param a the first set
422 * @param aCount the number of elements in the set 'a'
423 * @param b the second set
424 * @param bCount the number of elements in the set 'b'
425 * @param compare the sorting method for both sets
426 * @param elementSize the sizeof the element in the two sorted sets
427 * @param in_a called for items in set 'a' but not set 'b'
428 * @param in_b called for items in set 'b' but not set 'a'
429 * @param in_both called for items that are in both sets
430 * @param userData user data passed along to in_a, in_b, and in_both
431 */
432void tr_set_compare( const void * a, size_t aCount,
433                     const void * b, size_t bCount,
434                     int compare( const void * a, const void * b ),
435                     size_t elementSize,
436                     tr_set_func in_a_cb,
437                     tr_set_func in_b_cb,
438                     tr_set_func in_both_cb,
439                     void * userData );
440
441void tr_sha1_to_hex( char * out, const uint8_t * sha1 ) TR_GNUC_NONNULL(1,2);
442
443void tr_hex_to_sha1( uint8_t * out, const char * hex ) TR_GNUC_NONNULL(1,2);
444
445/** @brief convenience function to determine if an address is an IP address (IPv4 or IPv6) */
446tr_bool tr_addressIsIP( const char * address );
447
448/** @brief return TRUE if the url is a http or https url that Transmission understands */
449tr_bool tr_urlIsValidTracker( const char * url ) TR_GNUC_NONNULL(1);
450
451/** @brief return TRUE if the url is a [ http, https, ftp, ftps ] url that Transmission understands */
452tr_bool tr_urlIsValid( const char * url ) TR_GNUC_NONNULL(1);
453
454/** @brief parse a URL into its component parts
455    @return zero on success or an error number if an error occurred */
456int  tr_urlParse( const char * url,
457                  int          url_len,
458                  char      ** setme_scheme,
459                  char      ** setme_host,
460                  int        * setme_port,
461                  char      ** setme_path ) TR_GNUC_NONNULL(1);
462
463
464/** @brief return TR_RATIO_NA, TR_RATIO_INF, or a number in [0..1]
465    @return TR_RATIO_NA, TR_RATIO_INF, or a number in [0..1] */
466double tr_getRatio( uint64_t numerator, uint64_t denominator );
467
468/**
469 * @brief Given a string like "1-4" or "1-4,6,9,14-51", this returns a
470 *        newly-allocated array of all the integers in the set.
471 * @return a newly-allocated array of integers that must be freed with tr_free(),
472 *         or NULL if a fragment of the string can't be parsed.
473 *
474 * For example, "5-8" will return [ 5, 6, 7, 8 ] and setmeCount will be 4.
475 */
476int* tr_parseNumberRange( const char * str,
477                          int str_len,
478                          int * setmeCount ) TR_GNUC_MALLOC TR_GNUC_NONNULL(1);
479
480
481/**
482 * @brief truncate a double value at a given number of decimal places.
483 *
484 * this can be used to prevent a printf() call from rounding up:
485 * call with the decimal_places argument equal to the number of
486 * decimal places in the printf()'s precision:
487 *
488 * - printf("%.2f%%",           99.999    ) ==> "100.00%"
489 *
490 * - printf("%.2f%%", tr_truncd(99.999, 2)) ==>  "99.99%"
491 *             ^                        ^
492 *             |   These should match   |
493 *             +------------------------+
494 */
495double tr_truncd( double x, int decimal_places );
496
497/* return a percent formatted string of either x.xx, xx.x or xxx */
498char* tr_strpercent( char * buf, double x, size_t buflen );
499
500/**
501 * @param buf the buffer to write the string to
502 * @param buflef buf's size
503 * @param ratio the ratio to convert to a string
504 * @param the string represntation of "infinity"
505 */
506char* tr_strratio( char * buf, size_t buflen, double ratio, const char * infinity ) TR_GNUC_NONNULL(1,4);
507
508/* return a truncated double as a string */
509char* tr_strtruncd( char * buf, double x, int precision, size_t buflen );
510
511/** @brief Portability wrapper for localtime_r() that uses the system implementation if available */
512struct tm * tr_localtime_r( const time_t *_clock, struct tm *_result );
513
514
515/**
516 * @brief move a file
517 * @return 0 on success; otherwise, return -1 and set errno
518 */
519int tr_moveFile( const char * oldpath, const char * newpath,
520                 tr_bool * renamed ) TR_GNUC_NONNULL(1,2);
521
522/** @brief convenience function to remove an item from an array */
523static inline void tr_removeElementFromArray( void         * array,
524                                              unsigned int   index_to_remove,
525                                              size_t         sizeof_element,
526                                              size_t         nmemb )
527{
528    char * a = (char*) array;
529
530    memmove( a + sizeof_element * index_to_remove,
531             a + sizeof_element * ( index_to_remove  + 1 ),
532             sizeof_element * ( --nmemb - index_to_remove ) );
533}
534
535/***
536****
537***/
538
539/** @brief Private libtransmission variable that's visible only for inlining in tr_time() */
540extern time_t transmission_now;
541
542/**
543 * @brief very inexpensive form of time(NULL)
544 * @return the current epoch time in seconds
545 *
546 * This function returns a second counter that is updated once per second.
547 * If something blocks the libtransmission thread for more than a second,
548 * that counter may be thrown off, so this function is not guaranteed
549 * to always be accurate.  However, it is *much* faster when 100% accuracy
550 * isn't needed
551 */
552static inline time_t tr_time( void ) { return transmission_now; }
553
554/** @brief Private libtransmission function to update tr_time()'s counter */
555static inline void tr_timeUpdate( time_t now ) { transmission_now = now; }
556
557/** @brief Portability wrapper for realpath() that uses the system implementation if available */
558char* tr_realpath( const char *path, char * resolved_path );
559
560/***
561****
562***/
563
564/* example: tr_formatter_size_init( 1024, _("KiB"), _("MiB"), _("GiB"), _("TiB") ); */
565
566void tr_formatter_size_init( unsigned int kilo, const char * kb, const char * mb,
567                                                const char * gb, const char * tb );
568
569void tr_formatter_speed_init( unsigned int kilo, const char * kb, const char * mb,
570                                                 const char * gb, const char * tb );
571
572void tr_formatter_mem_init( unsigned int kilo, const char * kb, const char * mb,
573                                               const char * gb, const char * tb );
574
575/* format a speed into a user-readable string. */
576extern unsigned int tr_speed_K;
577char* tr_formatter_speed_Bps( char * buf, uint64_t Bps, size_t buflen );
578static inline char* tr_formatter_speed_KBps( char * buf, double KBps, size_t buflen ) { return tr_formatter_speed_Bps( buf, KBps * tr_speed_K, buflen ); }
579static inline char* tr_formatter_speed_MBps( char * buf, double MBps, size_t buflen ) { return tr_formatter_speed_Bps( buf, MBps * tr_speed_K * tr_speed_K, buflen ); }
580static inline char* tr_formatter_speed_GBps( char * buf, double GBps, size_t buflen ) { return tr_formatter_speed_Bps( buf, GBps * tr_speed_K * tr_speed_K * tr_speed_K, buflen ); }
581
582/* format a memory size into a user-readable string. */
583extern unsigned int tr_mem_K;
584char* tr_formatter_mem_B( char * buf, uint64_t bytes, size_t buflen );
585static inline char* tr_formatter_mem_KB( char * buf, double KBps, size_t buflen ) { return tr_formatter_mem_B( buf, KBps * tr_mem_K, buflen ); }
586static inline char* tr_formatter_mem_MB( char * buf, double MBps, size_t buflen ) { return tr_formatter_mem_B( buf, MBps * tr_mem_K * tr_mem_K, buflen ); }
587static inline char* tr_formatter_mem_GB( char * buf, double GBps, size_t buflen ) { return tr_formatter_mem_B( buf, GBps * tr_mem_K * tr_mem_K * tr_mem_K, buflen ); }
588
589/* format a file size into a user-readable string. */
590extern unsigned int tr_size_K;
591char* tr_formatter_size_B( char * buf, uint64_t bytes, size_t buflen );
592static inline char* tr_formatter_size_KB( char * buf, double KBps, size_t buflen ) { return tr_formatter_size_B( buf, KBps * tr_size_K, buflen ); }
593static inline char* tr_formatter_size_MB( char * buf, double MBps, size_t buflen ) { return tr_formatter_size_B( buf, MBps * tr_size_K * tr_size_K, buflen ); }
594static inline char* tr_formatter_size_GB( char * buf, double GBps, size_t buflen ) { return tr_formatter_size_B( buf, GBps * tr_size_K * tr_size_K * tr_size_K, buflen ); }
595
596
597/***
598****
599***/
600
601#ifdef __cplusplus
602}
603#endif
604
605/** @} */
606
607#endif
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